Disturbing runoff pairing for Colombia

In yesterday’s presidential election in Colombia, the top two candidates were from the extremes of the political spectrum. Leading the pack is Gustavo Petro, a former guerrilla of the M-19 (which demobilized about thirty years ago and has been a political party, or component of various alliances, since). He won 40.3% of the vote. In […]

Ghana alternation?

Ghana is one of only four African countries that are both democratic and purely presidential. Ghana has almost a two-party system, yet runoffs were required in 2000 as well as 2008. The two-party dominance of these elections would lead me to wonder if Ghana would be better served by plurality election of the president. However, in this election, had the result been the same under plurality, Ghana evidently would have wound up with divided government.