There are two races where the electoral rules may be almost as decisive as the voting itself, given multicandidate races. If Georgia and Minnesota used the Double Complement Rule that I often recommend, there would have been no need for a runoff in Georgia in 1992, but there would almost certainly need to be one this year in Minnesota.
In yesterday’s presidential election in Colombia, the top two candidates were from the extremes of the political spectrum. Leading the pack is Gustavo Petro, a former guerrilla of the M-19 (which demobilized about thirty years ago and has been a political party, or component of various alliances, since). He won 40.3% of the vote. In […]
Ghana is one of only four African countries that are both democratic and purely presidential. Ghana has almost a two-party system, yet runoffs were required in 2000 as well as 2008. The two-party dominance of these elections would lead me to wonder if Ghana would be better served by plurality election of the president. However, in this election, had the result been the same under plurality, Ghana evidently would have wound up with divided government.
Nicaragua is one of the countries in Latin America that uses a variant of qualified plurality to elect its president. In Nicaragua’s case, 35% suffices for a one-round victory, as long as the margin is at least five percentage points (and 40% would suffice, regardless of margin).
The DCR or any of the existing â€œqualified pluralityâ€ rules would be better than the majority-runoff rule, which may still give Haiti a runoff it does not need, or the 40% rule, which will not give Costa Rica a runoff it arguably should have.
The mayor is elected by one of the single-winner ranked-choice voting methods, known variously as the “contingent vote” or the “supplementary vote.”
Actually, beer does not travel all that well. It is much better that the drinker do the travelling, in order to sample the best of local flavor. And travel we did, and drink we did–in Montreal, Quebec City, and Chicago from 16 to 21 June (and in San Clemente on our way home from the […]