Sweden was supposed to have a snap election in March; it was one of my three examples of ways in which a cabinet can be terminated in a parliamentary system just over three weeks ago. Now Sweden offers an example of how a “snap” election can be called, and then called off. In fact, I did not know this was possible. I can’t think of a similar case offhand.
Prime Minister Stefan Löfven, of the Social Democrats, and the four center-right opposition parties, along with the Green Party, have struck a deal to allow Löfven’s government to survive, and thus there will be no election in March. The anti-immigrant Sweden Democrats and the Left Party were not part of the “crisis talks” that produced the deal.
The BBC indicates that,
Under the deal, Mr Lofven will follow the opposition’s budget next year, although he can make some changes.
However, after 2015, the agreement “commits the opposition to abstain from voting against the government’s budget proposals” and “co-ordinates the parties’ polices on pensions, defence and energy issues.”
Löfven’s cabinet is a minority in parliament, hence both the initial budget defeat and election call, and the motivation for a deal.
The deal lasts till 2022. This is all quite extraordinary.