Turkey has its parliamentary election Sunday.
It seems as though the only interesting questions are: (1) how big will the incumbent party’s majority be, and (2) how many of the sorts of electoral-system induced anomalies that we have seen in recent elections will we see this time?
A Council of Europe report criticizes the Turkish 10% national threshold, as well it should. The source of the anomalies is that the country uses a fully distrcted “proportional” list system, but parties are unable to win seats, regardless of their district-level strength, unless they surpass 10% nationwide. “Independents,” on the other hand, can win seats on their local support.
The Council of Europe report criticizes numerous other aspects of Turkish politics. I continue to be skeptical that Turkey deserves to be ranked among the democracies, other than in the most minimal sense.