Lithuanian elections: The inter-round phase

Lithuania uses an unusual two-round mixed-member majoritarian system. That is, the seats that are elected in the nominal tier, where single-seat-district, candidate voting is used, are elected by two-round majority runoff. The first round was held on 12 October, as was the vote for the party-list seats.

Via AP:

A conservative opposition party and a populist group led by an impeached ex-president made strong gains in Lithuania’s election Sunday, while the centrist government faltered, an exit poll indicated.

The poll, released on Lithuania’s TV3 network moments after voting ended, suggested the government could be ousted by a conservative-led coalition or a rival populist bloc.

It showed the conservative Homeland Union winning 21 percent of the vote, and two allied populist parties — led by ex-president Rolandas Paksas and Russian-born businessman Viktor Uspaskich — mustering a combined 25 percent.

Prime Minister Gediminas Kirkilas’ Social Democrats received 14 percent of the vote, while their four partners in the coalition government failed to break the 5 percent barrier to remain in Parliament, according to the survey by the Rait pollster.

The final result was unclear because the survey only included the party list vote, which covers 70 of the 141 seats in Parliament. The remaining 71 seats are decided in individual races in single-mandate constituencies, many of which will require a runoff on Oct. 26.

Regarding the ex-president:

The Order and Justice party is led by Paksas, a stunt pilot and former president who was ousted in 2004. Uspaskich, a Russian-born businessman who made his fortune selling jarred pickles, heads Labor.

Lithuania’s political system is premier-presidential.

Final results of the first round are to be announced today.

0 thoughts on “Lithuanian elections: The inter-round phase

  1. Quick question /request for clarification- what exactly is unusual about the Lithuanian election system? The use *two-round*, rather than one *one round* SMDs in a mixed system?

  2. I should have been more specific: Yes, the use of two-round majority is unusual (though not unique). The other unusual (unique, excluding a subnational case or two) feature is the use of flexible, rather than closed, lists.

    So both tiers are unusual!

    (Not as unusual as the whole thing is in Hungary, however!)

  3. Is the Lithuanian list tier still only flexible? According to the election report in Electoral Studies (Jurkynas 2009), it seems to me that now is completely open. Any help about this will be really appreciated

    • It is flexible. There may have been a change in the rules, but not all the way to open. I will try to find the details for you.

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