Pakistan–more elections comparisons

According to a table of seat results at Wikipedia,* the “victory” for the PPP in 2008 was a bit worse a showing–in seats–than it had in 1988 and 1993, the two elections that resulted in Benazir Bhutto’s premierships. Out of 207 total seats in these elections, her party won 93 in 1988 and 89 in 1993. That’s 45% and 43% of seats, respectively, compared to 32% this time.

Sharif’s party won 137 in 1997,** the election that led to his premiership, which was interrupted by Musharraf’s coup in 1999.

* Never my favorite source, but will have to do for now.

** Compared to 68 of 272 now.

0 thoughts on “Pakistan–more elections comparisons

  1. A former ISI Director General explains why Pakistan needs PR:

    “PPP is the only major party with a federal profile. Even the Muslim League, contesting as separate factions under different patrons in past elections, has been gradually restricted to the Punjab, with limited and factionalised presence in smaller provinces. Marginal representation in the other three provinces has created obvious problems of nationwide acceptance, and denied the League of its “All Pakistan” status. Two or three parties with nationwide spread would have been beneficial to democracy.

    Yet another flaw in our electoral system is the introspective approach of our electorate, which tends to vote on issues of personal concern like electricity, gas supply, roads and other local requirements, rather than issues of national importance.

    The Anglo Saxon concept of “winner takes all” may be workable in the UK, but in Pakistan the winner invariably works only for his own voters, ignoring all other constituents.

    The single constituency concept of elections needs to be reviewed. We should switch to proportional representation, or a mix of the two systems which could be more responsive to our socio-political environment.

    There are no ‘copycat’ solutions, but federal structures and electoral systems of Germany and Switzerland could be studied for reference.”


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